By Carter B. Horsley
This large and impressive, brown-brick building
has a very attractive and highly visible rooftop watertank enclosure
and a handsome, three-story limestone base.
The long sidestreet facade, which has several
terraces and a setback at its western end, overlooks the Hunter
College Campus Schools building that was designed to recall the
castle/fortress architecture of the Squadron A Armory building
that formerly occupied the site and part of whose facade remains
standing on Madison Avenue in front of the school's large playground.
Located in the desirable Carnegie Hill neighborhood,
it was erected as a cooperative. The 17-story building was developed
in 1929 by Joseph Paterno and has 55 apartments including some
It was designed by Rosario Candela, who is
widely considered to have been the countrys greatest designer
of luxury apartment buildings and he collaborated with many of
the citys most famous architectural firms. He collaborated
with Cross & Cross on the design of 720 Park Avenue and with
Arthur Loomis Harmon on the design of 740 Park Avenue, two of
the boulevard's most prestigious structures. He also worked with
Cross & Cross on the design of 1 Sutton Place South and his
other Park Avenue buildings include 765, 770, 778, 1021, 1105,
1172, and 1192. His other famous buildings include 834 and 960
Fifth Avenue and 19 East 72nd Street.
Candelas buildings, "it is said,
were the grandest of the decade that was itself the greatest,"
wrote Elizabeth Hawes in her book, "New York, New York, How
The Apartment House Transformed The Life Of The City (1869-1930)",
published by Henry Holt in 1993.
"He had a respect for privacy and an eye
for significant detail. He was a complete thinker. He added duplicate
water connections to street mains and multiple switches for ceiling
lights as well as beautifully turned staircases and separate wine
cellars. More significantly, he designed buildings from the inside
out. He placed windows where they received light, balanced a room,
or allowed a graceful arrangement of furniture
also invested unusual energy in the entry hall. In a typical apartment,
he made it a full-sized room with rich views into the interior
because he thought it was important to greet a visitor with a
full sense of a home
. Candela liked puzzles. During the
Depression, he took up cryptography, and during World War II,
he broke the Japanese code," Hawes wrote.
Born in Sicily, Candela came to the United
States in 1909 and graduated from the Columbia School of Architecture
Much of the building's upper masonry on the
sidestreet is mismatched and the building has a doorman, protruding
air-conditioners, inconsistent fenestration, no garage and no
sidewalk landscaping but a handsome lobby. It has a one-step-up,
There are many fine private schools in this
neighborhood as well as many cultural and religious institutions.