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760 West End Avenue

Northeast corner at 97th Street

760 West End Avenue

760 West End Avenue

By Carter B. Horsley

This 16-story, brown-brick building was erected in 1927 and converted to a cooperative in 1982.

It has 77 apartments.

Entrance

Entrance

The building has a canopied entrance with a pleasant arched surround, sidewalk landscaping, very attractive bronze doors and a concierge. It has handsome terracotta ornamentation on the third through the fifth floors and the top three floors, inconsistent fenestration and it permits protruding air-conditioners.

It was designed by George and Edward Blum, architects who also designed 277, 610, 617, 780 and 838 West End Avenue, 555, 791, 875, 940 and 1075 Park Avenue, 1435 Lexington Avenue, 676, 720 and 730 Riverside Drive, among many other Manhattan apartment buildings

In their fine book, "George & Edward Blum, Texture and Design in New York Apartment House Architecture," (The Friends of Terra Cotta Press, 1993), Andrew S. Dolkart and Susan Tunick note that the Evanston was built by George F. Johnson Jr., and Leopold Kahn. The Blums also designed the Admaston apartment building at 259 West 89th Street the same year for Johnson and Kahn. The Johnson-Kahn Company had previously built the Hendrick Hudson Apartments on Riverside Drive at 110th Street and the adjoining annex and the authors suggest that Edward Blum "may have been the designer" of these two major buildings for the architect of record, William L. Rouse.

"The Blums' apartment houses are part of a third wave of quality multiple dwelling construction, and their finest buildings stand out from the hundreds of more pedestrian examples that appeared in Manhattan....they were among the few apartment house architects of the period to show an appreciation for expressive exterior design."

"George and Edward Blum were among a large number of Americans to study at the École des Beaux-Arts. Most American students had little first-hand knowledge of Paris or of French language and culture and remained unaware of new design trends beyond those taught at the École. The Blums' French parentage and their experience growing up in France set them apart from most of their compatriots. It appears that they gained a greater familiarity with contemporary French architectural practice than most Americans, for their early buildings indicate a range of French influences far greater than those generally acquired through study at the École." "The manipulation of varied materials, especially the use of brick for decorative as well as functional purposes, exerted the most far-reaching influence on the Blums' apartment houses. Brick had been used extensively in French architecture, notably in the Midi region, near Toulouse and Albi, where stone is scarce, and on major buildings erected throughout France during the reign of Louis XIII in the early seventeenth century and during the nineteenth century. Although brick had not been a traditional building material in Paris, it became especially popular in the late nineteenth century for apartment buildings for the middle and working classes and for public buildings such as schools and baths," the authors continued.

One block from Riverside Park, this building, which has no garage, is very convenient to public transportation and neighborhood shopping as 96th Street and Broadway is a major Upper West Side intersection.

For more information on 760 West End Avenue check its entry at CityRealty.com

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